Periodontitis is one of the most common gum diseases and is one of the most important factors contributing to tooth loss, even ahead of caries.
Periodontitis is caused by bacteria living in dental plaque which, once they have populated the surface of the tooth's root, migrate to the root apex. The body naturally tries to kill these bacteria using its defence mechanisms. In this process, though, it attacks not only the bacteria but also the periodontium itself. The tooth gradually becomes loose as it loses stability, and ultimately falls out.
This gum disease is not usually painful. It is therefore often difficult for those affected to detect the disease at an early stage. The clearest indications of periodontitis are:
When parodontitis is diagnosed early, knock-on issues such as bone atrophy can be successfully prevented. Professional tooth cleaning, in connection with intensive daily tooth care, represents a very important and effective preventive measure. Regular cleaning intervals also allow your dentist to quickly get a handle on any parodontitis, which in turn dramatically reduces your risk of heart disease and diabetes.
In guided bone regeneration, the bone is built up through transplantation or the encouraging of new bone growth under a barrier membrane.
Guided bone regeneration is used in the area of implantology, for example, to create a solid foundation for the implant.
One cause of bone loss is a badly fitting prosthesis. The stress this places on the jaw causes the bone to reduce. As a result, the prosthesis fit worsens, causing discomfort and pain.
Periodontitis therapy is possible at every stage of the disease. However, the treatment provided depends on the stage the disease has already reached. One important factor to consider here is the extent of bone loss, which can be determined by x-rays and by measuring the gum pocket depth. A microbiological test can also be used to determine the spectrum of the bacteria responsible for the disease (microbiological test procedure).
Up to a pocket depth of 5mm, the disease can usually be treated gently with a subgingival curettage (smoothing of the tooth roots with manual instruments and high-frequency sound).
If the pocket is deeper than 5mm, a small surgical procedure is usually needed in addition, in which the affected area is thoroughly cleaned under visual control. Here, the pockets/roots are exposed and the bacteria removed. If there is already advanced bone loss, the bone can often be built up again using special treatment procedures (guided bone regeneration).
Would you like to attend a periodontosis prevention treatment session in Heidelberg? Specialist periodontosis dentist: The habios practice, located at Römerstraße 1, offers you comprehensive periodontosis and parodontitis treatment options. We have developed a special therapy concept for our patients that is individually tailored to the requirements of the respective individual. The key to success with periodontosis treatments is to precisely identify the cause of the inflammation, treat it thoroughly and then provide ongoing support for the person affected.
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